h a l l p l a n
Ostrovskogo Square, 2
Alexandrinsky Theatre building, created by K.I.Rossi, - is one
of the outstanding samples of Russian Classicism. It plays the
main part in the ensemble of Ostrovskogo Square.
During the re-planning of the Anichkov estate in 1817-1818 a
big city square appeared between the Public Library and the
Garden of the Anichkov Palace. For more than 10 years, from
1816 to1827, Rossi designed a number of projects of reconstruction
and building of this square, planned the constructions a city
theatre at it. The final variant of the project was established
on 5 April 1828. The theatre building was started that year.
Its ceremonial opening took place on 31 August 1832.
The theatre building is located in the heart of the square and
its main facade faces Nevsky Prospect. The rusticated walls
of the ground floor serve as a kind of a socle for the majestic
colonnades decorating the facades.
The six-column colonnade of the main facade stands out clearly
against the wall placed further backwards. The traditional protruding
classical portico is here replaced with an impressive loggia.
The semicircular niches hold the figures of the Muses - Terpsichore
and Melpomene - and are ended by a wide sculpture brieze, rounded
the building. The attic decorated with the figures of the glories
in crowned with Apollo's carriage symbolizing the success of
the national art.
side facades of the theatre and the South facade closing the
perspective of the Zodchego Rossi street are ceremonial and
effective. Working out the project of the theatre Rossi concentrated
his attention on volume and area decision, its monumentality
and expressivity of its exterior.
Inside the building the hall is the most interesting one. Its
propositions are well found. The elements of the first texture
decoration were saved here, including a decorative golden carving
here of boxes by the scene and by central box. The circle barriers
are decorated by golden ornaments, made in the second half of
Sculpture plays an important role in facade decorating. It was
made by S.S Pimenov, V.I.Demut-Malinovsky and A.Triskorin. Apollo's
carriage was chased from sheet copper to a model by S.Pimenov
at Alexandrovsky Iron foundry.
By the order of the Empress Elizaveta Petrovna Russian Theatre
for presenting comedies and tragedies was established on 30
August 1756. According to the order of Court office the name
became shorter: Russian Theatre (since 6 January 1759). According
to the order of the Empress Ekaterina II the name has been added
by "Court" since 20 December 1766.
19th century started. As for the decision and rules of inner
ruling of the Empress Theatre Direction it was called Russian
Drama Troupe of the Empress Saint-Petersburg Theatres (since
3 March 1825).
The First World War started. The city was remanded into Petrograd,
The Empress Theatres - Petrograd ones, after February Revoluton
by the order of the commissar of the Temporal Committee of the
State Duma N.Lvov since 6 March 1917 the theatre has become
Russian Drama Troupe of State Petrograd Theatres. Since 7 December
1919 People's Commissariat of Education declared it The State
Academic Associated Theatre. Since 9 February 1937 when the
country celebrated the hundred anniversary of Pushkin's death,
by the decree of the Central Executive Committee of the USSR
the theatre became the Pushkin State Academic Drama Theatre.
The Alexandrovskiy title is well-known according to the title
of the building: a new building in the center of the capital
was called so in honor of his wife Alexandra Fiodorovna by the
decree of Nikolai I on 13 August 1832. This theatre is ruled
by the building. Rossi rules. A ceremonial white columned facade
with Apollo's carriage rules. A hall with brilliant acoustics
where light whisper on the stage is heard from any place, where
words come without a visible tension, rules. A golden portal
as if it is destined for being an eternal aesthetic frame for
the performance, rules. The legends and facts of that stage
rule. This theatre rules itself. It rules its actors, who are
so different. It rules its producers - it doesn't matter whether
they want it or not. It rules the audience, which was different
in different times, but it has always been the guest.
The first directors of the theatre were Sumarokov and F.Volkov.
The rising popularity of the Petersburg Drame Troupe made the
government to start the construction of a special building,
where the theatre has got the title Alexandrinskiy. The best
performances of Russian and foreign dramatic art were staged
there; the best actors performed: V.Karatygin, A.Martynov, E.Semionova,
V.Strelkaya, P.Strepetova, V.Asenkova, M.Dalskiy, M.Savina,
V.Kommisarzhevskaya, V.Davydov, Y.Yurjev, E.Korchagina-Alexandrovskaya.
The troupe has been aged since 1756. In that hall Pushkin, Belinskiy,
Turgenev and Blok used to sit and performances. Here Ostrovskiy
came to the spectators applauses after the premieres of almost
all his plays. Chekchov was happy here at the performance of
his "Ivanov". Hundreds of other noble people whose
names decorate Russian history were the fans of the art of this
Life of many generations is connected with the theatre, crowned
with Apollo's carriage and stood out even among the architecturical
luxury St-Petersburg by its strict and great beauty.