The annals of Valaam 1886 -1939
Two stone wharves were arranged and built for steamers in the
main bay of the monastery. In the war of 1939-40 the wharves suffered badly and all
wooden structures were burnt to the ground.
The old monastery cathedral built in 1794 was broken-up and disassembled.
Construction of a new one, vastly more magnificent, was started as its replacement;
the building, and the interior finishing was completed in 1892.
1892, 26th of June
The lower monastery cathedral in the name of Saints Sergiy and
Herman the Valaam Miracle-Makers was consecrated.
1893, 14th of June
The lateral side-altar of the lower church in the name of the
Annunciation of The Mother of God was consecrated.
1896, 19th of June
The upper cathedral church in the name of Lord's Transfiguration
1899, 18th of July
A stone church in the name of Saint Sergiy the Valaam Miracle-Maker
was consecrated in the Sergiy skete.
1899, 27th of July
A stone church in the name of the Tikhvin Icon of The Mother of
God was consecrated on the Tikhvin Island. In the war of 1939-40 that church was
bombed. Additionally all wooden buildings in the skete - the brotherhood's house
with all its extensions, as well as houses for Finnish fishermen, were burnt to the
1900, 8th of July
A stone chapel in the name of the Saints Konstantin and Helena
Equal to Apostles was consecrated on the Herman Field on Valaam.
1901, 18th and 21st of October
A church of the Valaam town-house with two side-altars was consecrated
in the city of Moscow. In 1925 the building of that town-house was confiscated by
the government of the USSR and all the monastery brotherhood was dispersed, further
destiny of many of them remaining unknown.
A stone church in the name of Saint Herman the Valaam Miracle-Maker
was consecrated in the Herman skete.
The Resurrection church 1906.
1906, 30th of July and 29th of October
Consecration of two churches took place: the upper and the lower
in the stone church of the Resurrection skete.
The upper storey was built for a new hospital of the outside monastery
building. In the war of 1939-40 the rooms of the new hospital, pharmacy, reception
room, as well as some rooms and wards for patients were burnt out.
The wooden church of the Gethsemane skeet and the wooden chapel
on the Mount of Olives were consecrated.
From that year, because of the commencing of World War I and because
over 600 inhabitants of the monastery were called up for military service, reduction
of the monastery brotherhood started - sketes were gradually closed. Two sketes remained
unclosed and only partially inhabited: the skete of All Saints and the skete of John
The church of Smolensk icon of Our Lady in Smolensk skete
1917, 24th of June
Consecration of the stone church in the name of the Smolensk Icon
of God's Mother in Smolensk skete in prayer to the memory of Orthodox Christian
soldiers killed during World War I.
Strong lowering of the level in Lake Ladoga.
Extraordinary rise in the water level in Lake Ladoga, on the brink
of a calamity. The difference of the Ladoga water level between 1921 and 1924 was
9.5 feet - this is how much the level of water of 1921 rose in 1924.
1939, 1st and 14th of January
The noon of that day saw the 80th anniversary of the continuous
observation by the monastery over the water level in Lake Ladoga. The following remarkable
coincidence took place then: the recorded levels on the 1st date of observation on
Valaam, January 1st 1859, coincided literally with another such observation conducted
exacltly 80 years later under the same atmospheric conditions, that being the 1st
of January 1939. Such an extraordinary and rare phenomenon in the history of water-gauging
observation on Valaam induces us first of all to praise and thank Our Lord ruling
over the seas of the Universe for His All-Mighty help in the cause of scientific
observation. In connection with this, the Finnish Institute of Oceanography wrote
to Valaam in its Letter # 477 dated 12th January 1939: "Our greetings to the
Valaam monastery on the occasion of the valuable work of observation that has been
done for many a year. The 80-year continuous series of observations is a great scientific
achievement, especially because they were always conducted with great care."
1939, 4th and 17th of October
The Ladoga water horizon lowered to the utmost limit point of
monastery's observations: 0.00 mm.
The large bell of the main church. In war 1939 - 1940 the
bell had broken.
1939, 20th of November through the 3rd of December
The start of aircraft bombing strikes on the Island of Valaam.
1939, 7th through the 20th of December
Due to the fact that life on Island of Valaam became dangerous,
upon the order of the military commandant, evacuation of the monastery brotherhood
from the Island of Valaam to the depth of Finland started. On that day the first
group of the monastery inhabitants departed.