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The Room of Alexandra Nikolayevna

This is the only room the appearance of which has reached us unaltered. Alexandra Nikolayevna, the youngest daughter of Nicholas I, died during childbirth soon after her marriage, as a result of the sudden aggravation of tuberculosis. Her maiden room was preserved intact as a relic of the tragedy which befell the royal family. Its furnishings consist of a cheval-glass, a toilet table, a bureau for studies and several tables for needlework. On the tables are miniature porcelain statuettes, caskets, lighting fixtures, articles of bronze, glass and porcelain made by French, German and Russian master craftsmen in the 1830s and 1840s. In a special wooden case are preserved notebooks and diaries of a tour around Germany in 1838. On the bureau are a bronze gilded clock made by Ravenet, clock-maker to the King of Prussia, and a porcelain writing set decorated with gilding and elegant cornflowers produced at the Imperial Porcelain Factory in the early 1840s. On the walls are a painted portrait of Alexandra Feodorovna wearing a Russian court dress of silver brocade and a kokoshnik head-gear (a copy from a work by Franz Kruger of the 1830s) and engraved portraits of Alexandra Nikolayevna dating from the 1840s.

The Maritime Study of Nicholas I

Under the roof of the palace is the second, attic storey where various service rooms, rooms for daily servants, wardrobes and classrooms for children were located. A notable features of the attic storey is the Maritime Study of Nicholas I with the adjacent balcony affording a fine view of the expanses of the Gulf of Finland.

The décor of the Maritime Study resembles a military tent - its walls and ceiling seem to be covered with fabric arranged in folds and rich draperies executed in silvery, grey, blue and ochreous tones and embellished with small flowers and the arms of Alexandria.

The walls of the Maritime Study are hung with engraved and painted seascapes including A Seaside View (1849) by Ivan Aivazovsky. On the desk are placed maritime instruments - telescopes, a compass, a sundial, a geodesic device and a silver megaphone of Nicholas I. During the Emperor's lifetime sea maps and regulations, watercolour representations of all kinds of sea vessels and naval flags were preserved in this room. Using the megaphone, Nicholas I could transmit his orders from the balcony to the signal telegraph tower built on the very seashore in the park. This enabled him to maintain communication with Kronstadt and exercise control over maneuvres of the Baltic Fleet.

The Cottage, the favourite palace of Nicholas I and Alexandra Feodorovna, was carefully preserved throughout the nineteenth century and continued to be used by the Imperial family for summer repose until the revolution. During the Second World War this unique monument of the age of Romanticism has suffered minor losses. Most of its artistic exhibits were evacuated and today the building houses a museum.

The Room of Alexandra Nikolayevna.

Album of drawings
by Grand Duches
Alexandra Nikolayevna.
1830s - 1840s.

The Maritime Study of Nicholas I.
t o p   o f   p a g e  
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