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Don Carlos


DON CARLOS - Vladimir Vaneev Opera in four acts
Music Giuseppe Verdi
Libretto Joseph Mery and Camille du Locle based on the dramatic poem by Fredrichvon Shiller
Conductor Gianandrea Noseda
Stage director Yury Alexandrov
Set designer Teimuraz Murvanidze
Costume designer Tatyana Noginova
Premiere 3 April 1999

Like the works that it preceded – Aida and the Shakespearean masterpieces Otello and Falstaff – Don Carlos ranks among Verdi’s greatest creations. In 1865, the management of the Paris Opera approached Verdi with the offer to write a new opera. The composer’s choice eventually fell on Don Carlos, Infant von Spanien a poem written by Joseph M[e]ry and Camille du Locle following the traditional canons of French grand opera, i.e. a five-act structure, mass crowd scenes and obligatory ballet. The “living, mighty work created by the composer from gold, dirt, bile and blood” (Georges Bizet’s reaction to the premiere) broke, however, with tradition, offending thetastes of the Parisian public.
Don Carlos was premiered at the Paris Opera on 11 March 1867. The premiere was held in the presence of the composer and was timed to coincide with the opening of the WorldExhibition. Three months later, Don Carlos was successfully staged at Covent Garden and then in Bologna (in Italian). A year later it was performed at the Bolshoi Theatre in St. Petersburg by an Italian opera company.
Verdi was, however, unsatisfied with his creation. No longer feeling himself bound by thecanons of the Parisian stage, he reduced the unweildy five-art opera to four, making anumber of other changes and additions at the same time. The Italian text was rewritten byAntonio Ghislanzoni, who had been the librettist of Aida. The premiere of the newfour-act version of Don Carlos took place at La Scala in Milan on 10 January 1884.
Don Carlos was banned for several decades in Russia, on account of its anti-despotic and anti-clerical themes. The first performance of the opera in Moscow on 10February 1917 was largely the service of Feodor Chaliapin, one of the greatest everperformers of the part of King Philip II. Don Carlos was first staged at theMariinsky Theatre in 1976, in one of its ‘mixed” versions. Desiring authenticity, theMariinsky in 1992 turned to the Milan version, which it performed in Italian (conductorValery Gergiev, stage director Temur Chkheidze, set designer Teimuraz Murvanidze).
The current version was premiered on 3 April 1999 (conductor Gianandrea Noseda, stagedirector Yury Alexandrov, set designer Teimuraz Murvanidze, chorus director ValeryBorisov). The new production follows the 1992 edition in its search for an expressivestage version of Verdi’s original masterpiece.

DON CARLOS - Scene from Act II
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 
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Complete playbill of all St. Petersburg,Russia theatres, shows, concerts, etcComplete playbill of all St. Petersburg,Russia theatres, shows, concerts, etc. !
World-known music festival "The Stars of the White Nights". Artistic director - Valery Gergiev (Mariinky (Kirov) Opera and Ballet)World-known music festival "The Stars of the White Nights".
Artistic director - Valery Gergiev (Mariinky (Kirov) Opera and Ballet)

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